Crypto Liquidity Pools: A Basic Introduction


Whether or not Bitcoin should be categorized as Decentralized Finance (DeFi), its introduction was a significant enabler for the entire cryptocurrency industry, of which DeFi is a part. Liquidity pools have grown in popularity in the DeFi space over the last few years, drawing a growing number of members. Let’s start with an explanation of what liquidity pools are:


Users can pool their assets in DEX’s smart contracts to create asset liquidity for traders to swap between currencies using liquidity pools. These are pools of tokens held in smart contracts that provide liquidity on decentralized exchanges, according to, in an attempt to mitigate the problems caused by the illiquidity typical of such systems. Liquidity pools are also the name for the intersection of orders that produce price levels that determine whether the asset will continue to move in an uptrend or downtrend if reached. Liquidity in the crypto realm refers to exchanging one asset for another or converting one asset into fiat cash. Users must be able to trade any quantity of an asset at any time, which necessitates the existence of a liquidity pool large enough to allow such transactions. Low liquidity for a particular coin causes volatility, resulting in significant variations in the crypto’s swap rates. High liquidity, on the other hand, suggests that a token’s price movements are less frequent.


DeFi liquidity pools arose as a new and automated means of overcoming the liquidity dilemma on decentralized exchanges, replacing the classic order book model with centralized crypto exchanges plucked directly from established financial markets. The traditional basic model, in which market makers, also known as large investment firms, offer to buy and sell an asset at quoted prices regularly; market makers create liquidity because their offers make it easier to trade large amounts of an asset quickly, has proven ineffective for a decentralized exchange. Because of its high gas fees and long block times, Ethereum is undesirable to market makers, resulting in limited liquidity for DEXs attempting to imitate the order book paradigm. As a result, in decentralized finance, liquidity pools have become the preferred solution.

Because of the pool’s liquidity, when someone wishes to exchange an asset for fiat or swap, they can do so immediately rather than waiting for a counterparty to match their deal, as in the traditional environment. Decentralized exchanges using the automated market maker (AMM) concept are among the most prevalent implementations of liquidity pools. Users trade crypto using smart contracts rather than each other on AMM-based DEXes, and rates are based on mathematical formulas instead of typical order-book exchanges. Liquidity pools, such as AMM, democratize market making by allowing any qualifying participant to deposit assets into the liquidity pool. They will obtain pool shares in exchange for their deposit, representing their ownership of the liquidity pool’s assets. They have the right to remove 20% of the assets at any time if there are 150 total pool shares and they own 30.


DeFi users rely on liquidity pools as a backbone and a critical source of income. Liquidity pools seek to address the issue of illiquid markets by incentivizing users to supply crypto liquidity in exchange for a part of trading costs. Some protocols, such as Uniswap, Balancer, and Yearn finance, regarded to have the best liquidity pool are known for rewarding liquidity providers with their platform currencies.  Liquidity providers (LP) are users who plant their cryptos by depositing into pools, and they are rewarded with LP fees or LP rewards. Users who deposit their cryptos into pools are  liquidity providers (LPs), and they are compensated with LP fees or LP incentives. The pool requires LPs to deposit an equal amount of each token. LP incentives are derived from pool swaps and distributed among the LPs in proportion to their pool’s overall liquidity shares. LP tokens can be valuable assets in and of themselves and can be used in a variety of ways within the DeFi ecosystem.


The algorithm that calculates an asset’s price may fail and slippage due to big orders, smart contract failure, and other factors. According to the liquidity pool, the greater the shift, the greater the loss.  Impermanent loss can be minor at times, but it can also be significant. The most typical type of loss encountered with a liquidity pool is impermanent loss, which occurs when the fiat value of a user’s crypto assets transferred to the pool declines over time. Impermanent loss occurs when the price of a pool’s tokens changes from when they were deposited, which is organically woven into the AMM idea. Because impermanent loss occurs due to volatility in a trading pair, rewards to liquidity providers may be able to offset impermanent loss over time, depending on the pool.


In addition to AMMs, liquidity pools help with other aspects of DeFi, such as decentralized lending and borrowing. However, there are hazards associated with participating in liquidity pools, which consumers should know before making any decisions. Users should also be aware of projects where pool governance is handled solely by the developers, with no community control. In such instances, there is a risk that the developers will take harmful acts, such as seizing control of a pool’s assets.